Disclaimer: At the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine KSE Institute launched an analytical project, which was named “SelfSanctions”, aimed to collect data on foreign companies operating in the Russian market and limiting or terminating their activities. Examination of data was conducted jointly with specialists from the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine.
The database contains a lot of information, we collect daily statistics on changes in the status of foreign companies operating/operated in the Russian market and limiting or terminating their activities. Also, we created the Telegram bot https://t.me/exit_ru_bot for tracking/monitoring of news on priority foreign companies (coverage 1, 2, 3 or 7 days of monitoring). Also, we do regular analysis of changes in share prices and capitalization of parent groups of companies that have or have had business in Russia.
KSE database is partly based on the Yale’s School of Management database, epravda.com.ua, squeezingputin.com and leave-russia.org websites and other open sources. Data is verified and KSE status is assigned. Data on stocks is taken from Google and Yahoo Finance. At the same time, the KSE database is more complete and comprehensive and contains ~40 percent more information than most other similar databases, as it also includes data on number of staff, revenue, capital and other financial indicators, the latest updates and changes in statuses, links to used sources, and daily updates from the telegram-bot etc.
Number of the companies that continue Russian operations (KSE’s status “stay”) – 675 (-1 per week)
Number of the companies that have reduced current operations and hold off new Investments (KSE’s status “wait”) – 457 (+7 per week)
Number of the companies that have curtailed Russian operations (KSE’s status “leave”) – 1 089 (+2 per week)
As of June 12, we have identified about 2,221 companies, organizations and their brands from 75 countries and 55 industries and analyzed their position on the Russian market. About half of them are public ones, for ~ 400 public groups of companies, we also identified (where it was possible) their operating business in Russia (the presence of a controlling stake in a legal entity), which allowed us to calculate the value of capital invested in the country (about $113 billion), local revenue (about $200 billion), as well as staff (almost 0.7 million people). 1,546 foreign companies have reduced, suspended or ceased operations in Russia.
As can be seen from the tables below, As of June 12, companies that declared a complete withdrawal from Russia had $28.4bn in revenues and $17.7bn in capital; companies that suspended their operations on the Russian market had yearly revenue of $62.6bn and $35.3bn in capital. TOP-70 companies-the largest taxpayers paid ~ $20,2bn of taxes annually – haven’t completely withdrawn yet, although suspended or scaled back.
– KSE status “leave” – Companies that have published on the company’s official website (or their release has appeared in a foreign publication such as FT, NYT, etc.) that are completely shutting down in Russia or companies that have officially announced that they are temporarily reducing operations in Russia
– KSE status “wait” – Companies that have published on the company’s official website (or their release has appeared in a foreign publication such as FT, NYT, etc.) that they are reducing only part of their business operations by continuing to work on other operations or companies that have reported delaying future investment / development / marketing , while continuing their core business
– KSE status “stay” – Companies that ignore exit / downsizing requirements in Russia, as well as companies that have officially stated that they remain in Russia or news of their exit have not been found.
The following table is based on data available for ~400 TOP public companies operated/operating in RF:
If since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the percentage of companies that closed operations in Russia has risen sharply by mid-March, in the last month the ratio of those who leave or stay is virtually unchanged. although we still see a periodic increase in the share of those companies that remain in the Russian market. However, about a half (49.0%) of foreign companies have already announced their withdrawal from the Russian market, but another 30.4% are still remaining in the country.
The actions of companies by sector (based on the KSE database, with at least 50 companies representing the industry and with at least 40 companies per country) are shown in the graphs below.
Decisions of Western companies by country and sector:
WEEKLY FOCUS. AIR TRANSPORTATION AND AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY
Russia’s aviation industry is one of the most affected by the sanctions. Many countries closed airspace to Russian flights, while Russian companies cannot repair and buy planes. After February 24, almost all international airlines and major aircraft builders left the Russian market. However, 31 international airlines are still operating in Russia, and four more plan to resume operations in June.
For instance, some of the neighboring countries continue flights to Russia: Belavia (Belarus), Armenia (Armenia), Avia Air Traffic (Kyrgyzstan), Flyone Armenia (Armenia), Qazaq (Kazakhstan), Qanot Sharq (Uzbekistan), SCAT (Kazakhstan), Somon Air (Tajikistan) та Uzbekistan Airways (Uzbekistan). In addition, two airlines from Azerbaijan plan to return to the Russian market in June: AZAL and Buta Airways. Other companies that continue flights to Russia include Air Algerie (Algeria), Air Arabia (ОАЕ), Air Serbia (Serbia), AnadoluJet (Turkey), Ariana Afghan Airlines (Afghanistan), Conviasa (Venezuela), Corendon Airlines (Turkey), EgyptAir (Egypt), El Al Israel Airlines (Israel), Emirates Airlines (ОАЕ), Etihad Airways (ОАЕ), FlyDubai (ОАЕ), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Iraqi Airways (Iraq), Mahan Air (Iran), Mongolian Airlines.
Mongolia), Pegasus Airlines (Turkey), Qatar Airways (Qatar), Royal Jordanian (Jordan), Turkish Airlines (Turkey), Cham Wings (Syria) та Air China (China). According to Russian media, one of the largest African airlines, Ethiopian Airlines, and the Jordanian carrier Fly Jordan Airlines, will return to the Russian market in June. A new airline Southwind has been created In Turkey for Russian passengers. It may start flights this summer.
Russian airlines are looking for sanctions-busting ways. In particular, some of them are planning to move their business to Turkey to be able to buy new aircraft and spare parts. Another way is to switch to Russian-made planes. For example, Aeroflot plans to purchase 300 ships made in Russia: SSJ100 (Superjet 100), MS-21 and Tu-214. The manufacturers claim that these vessels will be entirely produced in Russia.
Russian airlines have problems not only with their own fleet but also with the leased vessels. Aeroflot canceled all flights to Sri Lanka in June after a leased plane was arrested in Colombo. After all, the court allowed the plane to return to Russia, but Aeroflot did not restart flights. Back in March, the Russian authorities allowed to re-register leased aircraft, thus allowing Russian airlines not to return them to lessors. At the same time, airlines risk losing these planes, as they may be arrested in another country after landing.
Despite sanctions and closed flights to many countries, 31 international airlines fly to and from Russia. Most companies that continue to operate in the Russian market are from Russia’s neighboring and friendly countries. Four more airlines plan to return to the Russian market in June. Therefore, by the end of the month, 35 international airlines will operate in Russia. Russian airlines are taking steps to dodge sanctions. They plan to switch to Russian-made aircraft and are considering moving their offices to Turkey, which will allow them to buy new planes and spare parts for repairs without barriers.